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Nanotechnology is science, engineering, and technology conducted at a nanoscale which is typically, but not exclusively, below 100 nanometers. The benefits of nanotechnology is the possibility to tailor these structures of materials at extremely small scales to achieve specific properties, thus expanding the materials toolkit. Through this, materials can effectively be made stronger, lighter, more durable, and precise, among many other traits.
In particular, advancements in nanotechnology promise new materials and structures which are used as basis for solutions such as improving human health, optimizing available energy and water resources, and raising the standard of living.
Containment of Nanomaterials
In dealing specifically with nanomedicine, the application of nanotechnology in medicine, exposure to potentially hazardous nanoscale substances via inhalation of airborne materials can cause hazard to the operator.
In light of controlling and reducing operator exposure to potential hazards, engineering control techniques such as source enclosure (i.e., isolating the generation source from the worker) and local exhaust ventilation systems must be utilized to properly contain and exhaust out airborne nanomaterials.
Integrated with these controls should be a set of guidelines and standard operating procedures (SOPs) defined to minimize operator exposure to nanomaterials and other potentially hazardous chemicals.
Protection of Nanoscale Products
Below is a list of industries that typically utilize nanotechnology:
Department of Health and Human Services. (2009). Approaches to Safe Nanotechnology. Retrieved from: https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/docs/2009-125/pdfs/2009-125.pdf
Kandil, M. (2016). The Role of Nanotechnology in Electronic Properties of Materials. ResearchGate. Retrieved from: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/304039202_THE_ROLE_OF_NANOTECHNOLOGY_IN_ELECTRONIC_PROPERTIES_OF_MATERIALS
National Cancer Institute (2017). Cancer Imaging Program - Nanodelivery Systems and Devices Branch. Retrieved from: https://www.cancer.gov/nano/cancer-nanotechnology/treatment
National Nanotechnology Initiative. (n.d.). Nano 101: Benefits and Application. Retrieved from: https://www.nano.gov/you/nanotechnology-benefits