These are companies that test, manufacture, distribute, and provide return/repair services for electronic components and assemblies for innovative equipment manufacturers.
Electronics is the branch of science and technology that deals with the study, application, and control of the conduction of electricity in a vacuum, in gases, in liquids, in semiconductors, and in conducting and superconducting materials. There are thousands of electronic products with countless applications. These products consist of materials, parts, components, subassemblies, and equipment that use the principles of electronics to perform their major functions.
Electronics is one of the fastest evolving and most innovative industries, and also one of the most competitive. The research and development of new, better products is of great importance in electronics, where companies often compete fiercely to bring the newest technology to market first.
The electronics and semiconductor manufacturing industries require sterile environments and therefore make use of cleanrooms and other controlled environment technologies. Particle contamination is of great concern, which can damage and ruin semiconductors. To minimize contamination, semiconductors and other electronic components are manufactured in cleanrooms with very high specifications for cleanliness.