Dialysis is defined as a process whereby substances may be separated from one another in solution, by taking advantage of their differing diffusibility through membranes.
These solutions are allowed to flow into the peritoneal cavity to remove toxic substances normally excreted by the kidney. This dialysis solution contains:• Dextrose, vitamins, minerals, electrolytes, amino acids or peptides
The peritoneal dialysis solution containing hypertonic dialysis solution acts as a semi-permeable membrane and allows for the flow of undesired elements into the peritoneal dialysis fluid, which is removed by peritoneal tube to collection vessels.
These solutions are employed to remove toxins from the bloodstream.
In hemodialysis, the arterial blood is shunted (transferred or turned) through a polyethylene catheter, through a artificial dialyzing membrane, bathed in electrolyte solution.